Pyometra is considered the most common reproductive ailment found in spaniels. Pyometra or endometritis is an inflammation of the uterine mucosa caused by the accumulation of pus in it.
Unfortunately, the exact cause of this disease in spaniels is unknown. Experts believe that, most likely, the disease develops as a result of hormonal changes that occur in bitches that have reached reproductive age.
Symptoms of the presence of pyometers in a female spaniel are as follows:
– stiffness of movements, general weakness;
– depressed state;
– nausea and vomiting;
– lack of appetite, rapid weight loss;
– the appearance of purulent discharge of brown, yellow-green color with an unpleasant odor;
– increase in body temperature;
– frequent urination and even urinary incontinence;
– intense thirst.
As a rule, a female bitch is 6-7 years old. The first symptoms of pyometers appear approximately a few weeks after the last estrus. The condition of the dog worsens if the purulent contents continue to be in the uterus.
Untimely treatment of pyometers in a spaniel can lead to rupture of the uterus and, therefore, to the ingestion of pus in the abdominal cavity. For this reason, after the first symptoms of the disease appear, the spaniel bitch must be taken to the veterinarian immediately.
The specialist will conduct a full examination of the animal, make a diagnosis and prescribe competent treatment. At the initial stage of the disease, veterinarians prescribe a symptomatic treatment for the dog.
If drug therapy does not bring the proper result, they resort to surgical intervention, namely, remove the uterus and ovaries of the spaniel bitch.
The advantage of surgery over symptomatic treatment is that the operation eliminates the re-emergence of the disease. In case of taking medications, relapse is possible.
The most effective way to protect your pet from a serious illness is sterilization. If this is not possible, you need to control the dog’s diet, increase physical activity, and not give her hormonal contraceptives to suppress estrus.